February 2021 Aviation Articles

How to Handle Emergencies in IMC

Happy Valentines Day from everyone at Globalair.com! We hope this week's post finds you in good standing and staying warm this time of year :)

I am writing this post for two reasons:

1) This time of year is when IFR, including low IFR, tends to move in more often

2) I had a friend lose all 3 gyro instruments in IFR with thunderstorms nearby and moderate turbulence too, so we discussed all the aspects of the incident and what could have been handled/prepared for better

Flying IMC is no joke, but especially when you're flying it in smaller older model planes that tend to have a lot of recurring maintenance issues. A small issue can quickly turn into a big problem if not handled correctly. 

So the best way to handle in-flight emergencies IMC? Prepare for them.

As previously mentioned, in GA flying it's the older model planes that things are more likely to break and put you in a bad situation. Especially if you have a 6 pack versus a glass cockpit. This doesn't mean that glass cockpits are foolproof, but usually, when you have a failure it's easier to recognize. A perfect example of this is having a loss of the attitude indicator and heading indicator. In the traditional 6 pack, this most commonly happens due to a vacuum system failure.

You have to be watching your instruments closely to see one of the visual cues:

-tumbling on the heading indicator

-lack of movement on the attitude indicator

-small red off flag indicating instrument failure

-loss of vacuum suction on the vacuum gauge

You can still have a gyroscopic failure aside from a vacuum system issue. In fact, there's no vacuum system in a glass cockpit and it is still possible to lose these. 

When an instrument is no longer reliable in a glass cockpit, the screen will display a large red X over it to indicate the failure. 

But then there's always the argument, what if I lose my entire PFD? Now you've completely lost everything. It's very rare, but it's possible. 

Here's the best solution I've come up with: buy 2 literal life-saving devices

Foreflight Pro Plus package (subscription a step up from the basic $99 package) and a Stratus or a Sentry. The stratus and the sentry are similar devices, the sentry is just about $300 cheaper. What both of these do is you program them when you turn them on in the plane and set them somewhere, and they'll connect to the Foreflight synthetic vision. While this isn't legally reliable, it is a LOT better than nothing when having a lost of instruments. 

In the incident with my friend, they actually got into a graveyard spiral and LIVED. All 3 gyros stopped working and they lost 2400 feet in less than 20 seconds. As they heard the air speeding up over the wing they started to take out power and bring the nose up and luckily broke out of a 400-foot ceiling just in time. At this point, they got a contact approach and just landed at the nearest airport under priority landing.

How they're still alive is a miracle, but this all could have been avoided if they had synthetic vision as a backup. 

Another good way to be prepared is to know your plane. Have those emergency procedures and a game plan memorized so you're ready to act when something goes wrong. IMC is the worst time for something to go wrong. Imagine a scenario such as an engine failure, where are you going if you can't see? Always have an idea where you're at so you can see if there's an airport to spiral over or any major highways as well. Synthetic vision can still help with this too. 

There are endless scenarios of what can go wrong, from small inconveniences to life-threatening issues. It's best to always be on your toes ready for anything. 

Do you have any personal stories of flying IFR and having an in-flight emergency? Any tips to share too? Feel free to share below.

How to Prepare for 121/135 Training

Hey readers and welcome back to the Globalair.com website! Writing this hoping that everyone had a good January and good start to 2021.

 Back in November I went to my first official jet training at SIMCOM in Orlando and honestly had no idea what to expect. I already had a type in the Citation II so my first time was for recurrent training, which was kind of intimidating but VERY VERY insightful. 

I definitely could have prepared myself better, so I came up with some tips I wish I would have known and even advice my instructor gave me for a better experience next time. 

First thing is know the plane you're training on before you get there. There's only so much time to study before your check ride (if you have one) so you might as well get a head start. Don't leave everything to the time that you're there. 

Memory items and limitations are 90% of the oral part of your ride and will also be expected to have memorized when you jump in the sim. If you don't know these items, you don't know your aircraft. So if your training facility sends these before you arrive, take FULL advantage of that. 

The next steps will depend on how long you're there. Are you there for a quick 3 day recurrent or a full 14-21 day initial? 

For recurrent, as previously stated you should know your aircraft before you get there. Know the memory items & limitations, performance factors, and especially how all the systems operate. Questions like what's on the emergency bus, what triggers a master caution light, what happens when the bottle armed push light comes on etc WILL be asked. 

If you're there for initial, take everything your instructor teaches you (meaning take thorough notes) and study what you learned each night back at the hotel. Don't waste each evening watching tv, study as much as you can. You should be studying 2-3 hours after class each day to truly retain everything. 

If you need to practice your memory flows, utilize the cockpit poster. Set it up on your hotel room wall and you can especially run through memory items while using this. It will bring your level of knowledge past the rote level (just memorizing the steps) to correlation towards applying to a real application for if you actually had to use them in an emergency. 

I'd recommend to spend the first 2 hours studying all the new knowledge you learned for that day, and the last hour reviewing flows with the poster.

The absolute best piece of advice I took advantage of is to transfer all of your handwritten notes to the cockpit poster too. It helps you apply it in a real world application and will help so much when you jump in the actual cockpit.

The last piece of advice I can give....don't forget to take time to relax. Training is a lot of work, ESPECIALLY if you're there longer than recurrent. Any initial rating will be exhausting. 8 hours of ground and flying and absolute knowledge dump? That deserves time off after a few days. So take the weekends or 2 nights each week to study just 20 minutes then go enjoy yourself. Remember this is important because it's also possible to burn yourself out and any studying after that no longer becomes beneficial, it's then just a waste of your time. 

Don't forget to keep thorough training records and you can log all of that ground and sim time! It's good for currency purposes (obviously) but also valued by future employers. Our FAA Logbook is perfect to help you do this, and you can expect some new features in the future as we continue to develop it!

What kind of tips and advice do you have for training? Comment below!

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