All posts tagged 'aircraft' - Page 5

Brewster Buffalo Found Off Midway Island

Article By: Mary Grady, Contributing Editor

Divers cleaning up garbage in the shallow waters off Midway Atoll in the Pacific discovered wreckage from a World War II Brewster Buffalo last summer, the New York Times reported recently. Only one intact copy from the original fleet still exists, and it's on exhibit in Finland, the Times said. The Buffalo is "a very rare aircraft and to find even the wreckage of one is an exciting discovery," said Hill Goodspeed, historian at the National Naval Aviation Museum in Pensacola, Fla. The Buffalo, however, was not a great favorite with pilots, says the Times. "It is my belief that any commander that orders pilots out for combat in a F2A-3 should consider the pilot as lost before leaving the ground," wrote Marine Capt. P. R. White in a 1942 report.

The Buffalo couldn't compete against the Japanese Zeros, and of 19 airplanes that engaged in dogfights at Midway, only five returned. The wreckage, found in waters only about 10 feet deep, comprises parts of the engine, a bent propeller, tires and landing gear, and piles of ammunition. Soon after the Midway battle, the Buffalo was removed from combat units and assigned to advanced training duty only, says the Naval History & Heritage Command. In that role, it helped new U.S. fighter pilots enhance their skills before they joined operational squadrons. The aging F2A-2s and F2A-3s remained in the training mission into 1943, and a few were still in service in 1944-45.

The Invention of the Airplane as Well as the Birth of an Industry

I predict that you will read a lot about the Wright Brothers and their inventing of the airplane, this year. This is because it will be the 110th anniversary of the birth of our industry.

To reflect upon how the technology that makes the aviation industry what it is today, and how it has developed over this past century plus ten, can certainly cause a considerable amount of brain ache, I think.

Obviously the world was ripe for man-made machines to navigate across the skies, so much so, that developments and advances in aviation, especially in the first sixty-plus years came and spread almost as fast as the flame front of a pool of ignited gasoline.

Think about this as we make a quick review of some of the technological milestones that have taken place in aviation and are now laid down within our history books:

1903 the Wright Brothers invent the airplane

1914 the airplane fights in European skies during WW1 while at the same time the world’s first scheduled airline service is established on the west coast of Florida

1919 Alcock and Brown fly non-stop across the Atlantic Ocean in two days, which is at least a week faster than the most rapid sea vessel of the day

1919 man is first able to climb higher than the highest point on the earth, thanks to Roland Rohlfs in a Curtiss Tri-Plane

1924 a DH 4B made the first all instrument only flight after take-off, and before landing (575 miles from Ohio to New York; and later in 1929 the first all instrument flight that included the take-off and landing too

1939 to 1945, the airplane fights again during WW2, this time in all of the skies of the World

1942 is the year that the Jet Engine is invented

1947 Chuck Yeager exceeds Mach-1 and is the first person to exceed the speed of sound

1957 the first man made earth orbiting satellite is shot into space

1959 the world’s first business jet became available for purchase (MS760 Paris Jet)

1969 men went to space, took a walk on the moon, and then returned home to tell the world what they saw and experienced while they were strolling/hopping about there

1976 the paying passenger public were first able to fly faster than a rifle bullet at 1,354 mph when they purchased a ticket on Concorde

1980 a flight across the English Channel was successfully flown/pedalled from dry land, across water to dry land over a distance of more than 22 Miles, powered entirely by energy provided by the lone pilot

1986 an airplane made a flight that completely circumnavigated the world, all on one load of fuel - from take-off to landing for 24,987 miles

2010 a solar powered airplane makes a flight of more than 26 hours

Now think about how other epic man-made technologies developed in the last 200,000 years:

It took man about 140,000 years to invent the ‘Wheel’

Agriculture; or the tending of crops to feed a group of people that remained in-one place, instead of going out to ‘hunt-and-gather’ isn’t first recorded until 185,000 years after hybrid apes technically become Homo sapiens’, i.e. one of us!

Metal hand-working tools were not in existence until 193,000 years had elapsed

It was only a full 1,000 years before metal had been made and fashioned; that the world’s first boat took to water

A simplistic article: the candle took over 197,000 years before it was invented by man

It was 199,600-odd years after the birth of ‘man’ when animal power was finally challenged by, and firmly put on the road of obsolescence by the man-made invention: the steam engine.

The locomotive quickly followed, and the automobile didn’t come until almost 300 years later. A full 25 years after Karl Benz invented the world’s automobile, the Wright Brothers then invented the airplane.

I don’t know about you, but this passage through time really makes my head spin; what do you think?

I hope that you don’t condemn me for saying this, but I sometimes feel that since the late 1970’s, safety and reliability has certainly benefited from technological advances, namely the computer, while in actuality our ability to fly high-fast and furious has actually regressed.

Long live the memory of Concorde and the Space Shuttle, and come January 2016 none of us will ever again have the pleasure of hearing a pair of Rolls-Royce Speys or Pratt & Whitney JT-12’s or CJ610’s, etc at running at full tilt as they blast a swept-winged beauty from any runway near me, you, or anyone that you know that may be living in the good old U.S.A. after that date.

Happy New Year!

First G650 Delivered

By Russ Niles, Editor-in-Chief
Gulfstream ended the year with a brace of accomplishments for its G650 program that set the stage for a busy 2013 in terms of deliveries. The company delivered its first G650 to a U.S. customer last week. "The first delivery of an aircraft is always an auspicious occasion and this one is especially so. This delivery represents the beginning of a new era in aircraft design and manufacturing in terms of quality, capabilities, reliability, parts availability and maintenance activities," said Gulfstream President Larry Flynn. "We're thrilled to see the first G650 leave our hangar for a customer's. Soon the G650 will be a common sight at airports around the world." The company also closed out the year with a couple of important certifications.

As the first revenue G650 was winging its way home, the FAA granted a production certificate to the Savannah plant for the new jet. Almost simultaneously, EASA certified the G650, meaning deliveries to the 27 member countries can begin immediately. "This is quite an achievement for Gulfstream," said Flynn. The FAA certified it in September. Certifications in other countries are expected to follow quickly.

Russia Certifies Embraer Lineage Executive Jets Lineage

Article By:
Follows Closely The Certification Of The Company's Regional Airliners

Russia's Interstate Aviation Committee (IAC), also known by its Russian acronym MAK, has granted type certification to Embraer for the Lineage 1000 business aircraft, opening the door for Russian customers to register and operate the type in Russia.

“This is exceptionally exciting news that the Lineage 1000 has received validation from the Russian authorities, a strong endorsement of our product,” said Colin Steven, Vice President Sales – Europe, Middle-East and Africa, Embraer Executive Jets. “Embraer Executive Jets has already received strong market acceptance in the country with more than 40 Legacy 600s and 650s owned by Russian customers now flying in the region today. We are pleased to be able to better serve our customers by offering the Lineage 1000 on the Russian register for those who wish to operate the aircraft in Russia.”

The Lineage 1000 is Embraer Executive Jets’ largest executive aircraft in a seven-strong family of business aircraft models. It provides a balance of performance, intelligent luxury and high reliability. Its range, listed as 4,500 nautical miles with four passengers and NBAA IFR fuel reserves, gives the aircraft the capability to fly nonstop from Moscow (Russia) to New York (U.S), from Beijing (China) to Dubai (United Arab Emirates), from Hong Kong to Sydney (Australia), and from London (UK) to Dubai. The aircraft is equipped with the Honeywell Primus Epic avionics suite and a fly-by-wire flight control system, which provide pilots with a highly intuitive cockpit.

Earlier this week, the MAK granted type certification to Embraer for its E190 and E195 regional airliners.

(Lineage 1000 image provided by Embraer)

Hawker Beechcraft gets OK to liquidate jet inventory

By: Molly McMillin
View the full article: The Wichita Eagle

A bankruptcy judge ruled Tuesday that Hawker Beechcraft may move forward with the sale of its remaining Hawker 4000 business jet inventory.

The move comes three weeks after the judge rejected the company’s request to expedite the sale of Hawker 4000 inventory, saying Hawker Beechcraft shouldn’t race to abandon the assets and sell them at substantial discounts.

The company has 20 Hawker 4000s in its inventory with a retail value of $20 million each, it said in a November court filing. That includes 13 new Hawker 4000s, three in production and four used planes.

An ad hoc committee of Hawker 4000 owners protested the sale with the court last month, saying that rather than hasten the process, sales should move forward in a measured, responsible way to maximize their value.

Hawker Beechcraft filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection May 3.

Hawker Beechcraft must maintain information about each Hawker 4000 sale, including the serial number, name of the buyer and the purchase price, which must be provided to the U.S. Trustee and advisers monthly, the judge said in his ruling Tuesday.

The company said in late October that it was discontinuing the warranties on Hawker 4000 and Premier 1 and 1A business jets as well as its extended service contracts on the two planes.

It’s also discontinuing its agreements to upgrade and enhance the Hawker 4000s.

Hawker 4000 owners, in response, have hired attorneys to protect their interests.

Hawker Beechcraft has said it plans to exit its jet business after emerging from bankruptcy early next year.

After talks to sell the company, except for its defense business, to Superior Aviation Beijing broke down, Hawker Beechcraft said it planned to emerge from bankruptcy as a smaller, stand-alone company called Beechcraft Corp. The reorganized company will focus on the King Air, Baron and Bonanza lines and defense and after-market business.

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